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Agarak 2: Excavation


 As yet excavations are restricted to the cliff platform in front of you. A street discovered at the northeast edge of the platform and the presence of houses with round floor plans and square outside corners on both sides of the street indicate that even in the Early Bronze Age there was a town with a regular street plan.

In all likelihood, the basic elements of the town plan in the early Bronze Age were determined by courtyards carved on top of the cliff, around which extended living quarters.

Excavations uncovered an enormous quantity of ceramic fragments, terra cotta statues, round and horseshoe-shaped portable hearths and hearth stands. They permit us to date this section of Agarak to the middle phase of the so-called Shengavit or Kura-Araxes archaeological culture, dated to 2800-2600 BCE.

The layers on top of the Early Bronze Age strata are disturbed. They contain material remains confirming the site was subsequently inhabited during various archaeological periods, from the Middle Bronze Age to the Early Iron Age, inclusive.

The Urartian rock-cut columbarium (funeral sepulchre) on the southern side of the cliff, an amphora (a type of ceramic vase with two handles) burial with an Urartian seal and a number of Urartian ceramic fragments allow us to say Agarak was also inhabited from the 8th to the 6th centuries BCE. After the fall of the Van Kingdom, Agarak experienced yet another period of intensive development, becoming a large urban area.

This text is provided by the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography of the National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Armenia.