Erebuni Museum

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Erebuni Museim Hall 2 - Display 4

 The ancient fortress-settlements of the Armenian Highland and their traditional stone, clay and wooden buildings was the basis of further, and more developed, architecture.

Stone (tufa and basalt) was used mainly for laying foundations. Column bases, door hinges, even water pipes were made of stone. The main construction material was mud-brick made from straw and clay mortar. Various sizes of bricks were used, rectangular or square, their length measured in Urartian cubits (51.8 cm). The surfaces of the walls, floors, and flat roofs were also plastered with clay and straw mortar. Roof supports—beams, columns, doors and lintels—were made of wood. Timber found in Erebuni is coniferous and deci­duous (pine, elm, poplar, oak and beech).

Urartian architecture, better known for its fortresses and temples, is also reflected in medieval and modern Armenian architecture.