Erebuni Museum

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Erebuni Museum Hall 3 - Display 17

 Unique samples of Urartian applied and decorative arts uncovered during excavations include large engraved bronze shields, helmets, quivers, belts and armors with bas relief depictions of oxen and lions; fragments of palanquin (a raised seat with poles carried on shoulders) adorned with the images and sculptures of Trees of Life, soldiers, chariots, gods and legendary creatures; snake-headed bracelets and bone and stone stamps and boxes with scenes of hunt and sacrifice.


Secular and religious mural painting also occupied a unique place in the Van or Urartian culture. The palace and temples in Erebuni Citadel were richly decorated with multicolored and highly artistic frescos covering around 2,000 square meters of surface.


Urartian fresco design is flat, composed of sequential rows divided by horizontal pattern belts. Pigments were made using techniques common in Mesopotamia, masters used both natural and synthetic paints. The dominant fresco colors were black, white, red, blue and yellow. This palette was preserved in Armenian Medieval miniature painting.