Matenadaran

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Matenadaran: Miniatures Stand 2 side 2.

 The position of the Cilician school is unique in the history of Armenian miniature painting, which reached its height based on a rich national artistic tradition while also incorporating artistic achievements of neighboring cultures (especially Byzantium). The best examples of Cilician Armenian miniature painting have much in common with early Renaissance European art, especially with regards to the elements of illustration (pictorial imagery, flexible use of the human form in various emotional states, rich delicate ornamentation, etc.).
The greatest representatives of this school are Toros Roslin and Vardan from Hromkla (13th c.), Grigor and others from Drazark (13th c.) Grigor Melijetzi from Skevra (12th c.), and Grigor Pitsak and Sargis Pitsak from Sis (13th-14th cc.).
Toros Roslin - the most prominent figure of Cilician Armenian miniature painting, Roslin has been named by critics a “Forefather of Renaissance”, and a “Virtuoso of Ornamentation”. Sargis Pitsak was another celebrated representative of Cilician miniature painting. His self-portrait is preserved in one of the manuscripts in the Matenadaran. The artists of several striking Cilician manuscripts are unknown, among whom worked on the manuscript “The Hetum Lectionary” (dated 1286).

Miniatures

4. John the Evangelist, “Zeytun
Gospel”, 1256,artist - Toros
Roslin, Matenadaran,MS 10450,
pg. 311b
5. Matthew the Evangelist,
Catholicos Hakob II Aavarzetsi
and Sargis Pitsak, Bible, 1338,
artist-Sargis Pitsak, Matenadaran,
MS 2627, pg.422b
6. Title page - “The Hetum
Lectionary", 1286,
Matenadaran, MS 979, pg. 293a


Text and images provided by the Mesrop Mashtots Institute of Ancient Manuscripts.

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