Noravank-Birds Cave

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The cavern with its unique and stable microclimate was perfect for food storage, which explains how uncovered organic remnants were so well preserved. This part of the cave had another use—as a ritual hall.

Working period/season

Year around

How to reach

The cavern is about 2 hours from Yerevan, depending on your vehicle and driver. To get there go south on the M2 highway 110 km and past Areni to the Noravank turn. The cavern is right above the ricer side café at the entrance to the canyon.


First Direct Evidence of Chalcolithic Footwear from the Near Eastern Highlands
Abstract In 2008, a well preserved and complete shoe was recovered at the base of a Chalcolithic pit in the cave of Areni-1, Armenia. Here, we discuss the chronology of this find, its archaeological context and its relevance to the study of the evolution of footwear. Two leather samples and one grass sample from the shoe were dated at the Oxford Radiocarbon Accelerator Unit (ORAU). A third leather sample was dated at the University of California-Irvine Accelerator Mass Spectrometry Facility.